Pekanbaru is the
capital of Riau, on the island of Sumatra . It has an area of
632.26 km² with a population of 1,093,416.
It is located on the banks of the Siak River, which drains into
the Strait of Malacca. As a result, Pekanbaru has direct access to
the busy strait and was long known as a trading port (the city
name is derived from the Indonesian words for 'new market', "pekan"
meaning 'market' and "baru" meaning 'new'). In the late 19th
century, the city was developed to serve the coffee and coal
industries, and the Dutch built roads to help ship goods to
Singapore and Malacca.
There are several modes of transportation in Pekanbaru such as
taxi, bus, oplet (share taxi), bajaj (auto rickshaw), ojek
(motorcycle taxi) and Trans Metro Pekanbaru (bus rapid transit).
This city is served by the
Sultan Syarif Kasim
II International Airport and Sungai Duku Port that is located
by the Siak River.