Medan is the capital of
North Sumatra province in Indonesia. Located along the
northeastern coast of Sumatra island, Medan is the fourth biggest
city by population in Indonesia, behind
Jakarta, Surabaya and
Bordered by the Strait
of Malacca, Medan is a busy trading city around the island as
located near the strait which is one of the most important
shipping lanes in the world.
Medan is the gateway to
the western part of Indonesia, accessible via the Port of Belawan
and Kuala Namu
International Airport, stated the city as the third largest
city in the country by economy after Jakarta and Surabaya, this
city economy is linked well with Malaysian cities (especially
Penang and Kuala Lumpur) and Singapore by trade, service and
natural resource exchanges.
Both the seaport and
the airport are connected to the city center via toll road and
railway. Medan also became the first city in Indonesia to have an
airport supported with train service.
There are many old
buildings in Medan that still retain their Dutch architecture.
These include the old City Hall, the Medan Post Office, Inna
Dharma Deli Hotel, Titi Gantung (a bridge over the railway), The
London Sumatra building, Tjong A Fie Mansion, AVROS, Warenhuis,
and The Tirtanadi Water Tower, mostly located around the old town
There are several historic places such as Maimoon Palace built in
years 1887–1891, where the Sultan of Deli still lives (the Sultan
no longer holds any official power), The Great Mosque of Medan
built in 1906 in the Moroccan style by the Dutch architect A.J.
Dingemans,. both location of Maimoon Palace and The Great
Mosque are close. The Mosque located on Jalan Sisingamangaraja and
The Palace located on Jalan Brigjen Katamso.
Gunung Timur Temple or locally known as Tông-Yuk-Kuàng in Hokkien,
is a city's oldest Taoism temple, located on Jalan Hang Tuah.
Medan has a Buddhist temple named as Maha Vihara Maitreya, and
there is also a Buddhist centre nearby named as Maha Karuna
Buddhist Centre (MKBC) this temple complex known as one of the
biggest non-historical Buddhist temple in Indonesia, both situated
around Cemara Asri housing complex.
Medan Cathedral is the
oldest church in the city, was built by the Dutch and Indian
community nearby, and the church was named as Indische Kerk back
then, located on the old town along Jalan Pemuda. Sri Mariamman
Temple is the first Hindu temple in Medan built around 1881 by The
Tamil peoples in the city, located on Jalan Zainul Arifin, The
City's Little India or more known as Kampung Madras, the temple
has unique south Indian architecture with hundred Hindu deity
statues around the building.
International airport is
Kuala Namu International Airport, located approximately 39 km
(24 mi) from downtown. The airport has direct domestic flights to
many major cities in Sumatra and Java. There are also some
international flights to Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand, Saudi
Arabia, Sri Lanka, etc. An airport train known as Airport Railink
Services (ARS) connects the airport to city center.
The train runs from
Medan Main Station beside the Merdeka Square at Jalan Balai Kota
from 4:00 a.m. to 08:00 p.m, and from the airport from 5:25 a.m.
to 9:30 p.m. It is the fastest way to reach the airport from the
city, taking 30 minutes. Alternate modes of transport from the
airport into the city take longer (30 to 47 minutes).