The land of Thousands of Island is known for its unique
culture and majestic beauty. The cultural fervour of the country
is reflected in its population which counts to around 261.1
population makes it ranked fourth in the world only after China,
India and United States of America. Out of the more than 13,000
islands of the land only a handful are inhabited that shoots up
the population density of the country to a higher level.
The island of Java upholds it with more than 107 million people
living in that island in an area which spreads to not more than
the area of New York State. The Indonesian population presents the
picture of a mixed group of ethnic cultures and several linguistic
After the Second World
War Bahasa Indonesia, the national language which is a form of
Malay, became popular in the archipelago and came up as the most
accepted form of written communication in Indonesia. The language
though is the basis of education, government and business. Other
languages that the Indonesia population speaks are English, Dutch,
local dialects like the Javanese, the most widely spoken form.
Indonesia is predominantly a Muslim dominated country with the
share of 88% of the Muslims. Next on the list are the Protestant
with 5% share in the total population of the country to be
followed by the Roman Catholics 3%, Hindus 2%, Buddhists 1% and
the scarcely populated ethnic tribes.
The literacy rate in the country is quite good. Out of the total
population around 83.8% are considered literate. The definition of
literacy in the country comprises of the population above the age
of 15 who can read and write. Of the total literate population
89.6% are male and 78% are female population, according to an
estimation of the year 1995.