Music and Dance in Indonesia
The culturally diverse
archipelago of Indonesia comprises of over 18,000 islands, each of
which is characterized by its own unique cultural and artistic
history and temperament.
This diversity in the
moral fiber of its many islands has given birth to hundreds of
different forms of music, which often accompanies dance and
To know more about the
music and dance in Indonesia, it is important to understand the
various cultural influences that have eventually shaped up the
The music of Java, Sumatra, Bali, Flores and other islands have
fascinated many Indonesian and international scholars who have
documented and recorded, and done research on this.
Pop and folk music
Speaking of Indonesian pop music and Indonesian folk music, the
two are very different things and naturally quite diverse too.
Indonesian music embraces rock, house, hip-hop and other genres,
as well as distinctly Indonesian forms. Indonesia has several
kinds of "ethnic" pop music, generally grouped together as Pop
Daerah (regional pop).
These include Pop Sunda, Pop Minang, Pop
Batak, and others. In the regional pop music forms, mostly local
languages and a mix of western and regional style of music and
instruments is employed.
Dance in Indonesia
Like most of the performing arts of the Orient, dance in Indonesia
is also believed to have begun as a form of religious worship.
Today, with the modern influences steadily creeping in, the old
traditions of dance and drama are still being preserved in the
many of the government-run or supervised art academies and dance
schools, apart from those which flourish in the courts.
In the early times
these were performed in the royal courts to entertain royalty,
however, now these dances have eventually reached the broad strata
of the common people from the enclosed courts, and have
incorporated a more spontaneous form of expression.