The airport is named after I Gusti Ngurah Rai, a Balinese hero who died on 20 November 1946
in a puputan (fight to the death) against the Dutch at Marga in Tabanan,
where the Dutch defeated his company with air support, killing Ngurah
Rai and 95 others during the Indonesian Revolution in 1946.
On 1 October 1980 based on
the Government Decree No.26 of the year 1980, the management of Ngurah
Rai International Airport was passed over from the
Directorate of Air
Transportation to Perum Angkasa Pura. Since then the aviation
facilities including the apron, the terminal and other buildings have
been further developed by Perum Angkasa Pura. In 1986 by national
government decree No. 25 Perum Angkasa Pura changed name to become
Perum Angkasa Pura I.
With about 12 to 15 percent
passengers growth annually, the airport will reach 20 million passengers
per annum in 2017, which is the current airport's full capacity.
Lengthening the existing runway is not possible either due to the
densely populated areas adjacent to the airport, or environmental
concerns regarding land reclamation. A site for a new, larger airport
with two runways has been identified in the northern part of Bali in the
east part of Buleleng Regency.
The International Terminal is
located in the newer L shaped terminal whilst the Domestic Terminal is
located in the older adjacent building a short distance to the south
east of the international terminal. The airport has 18 gates: 8 in the
Domestic terminal, and 10 in the International terminal. The two
terminals are separated by the Festival Plaza.
The International terminal has a Balinese architectural theme and has
separate departure and arrival halls. Its capacity is up to 4,938,840
passengers a year. The departures area has 62 check-in counters that are
equipped with electronic scales and luggage conveyors. Ten of the
international gates have Jet Bridges and automated aircraft parking
systems. The international departure lounge areas have a total capacity
of 3,175 passengers.
Because about 500 private
aircraft lands at the airport every month, the airport authority has
built an apron at the south of the airport with a special exit gate
which can accommodate 14 narrow/small bodied airplanes.
Airport Council International
has awarded Ngurah Rai International Airport as the world’s third best
airport (with 15-25 million passengers each year) in 2016 based on their